During vaginal intercourse, this risk is greatly minimized. Using a condom not only shields you from HIV infection, but also protects you against several other STDs. There are several government and private agencies, which publish information on HIV transmission statistics from time to time. During a female to male intercourse, the uninfected man is at much lesser risk of contracting the infection, as the amount of infected woman’s cervical fluid exposed to him does not contain enough viral load to actually cause infection. Suppressed immune system and increased viral load are the two factors responsible for the increased risk of transmission in this case. These statistics are often indicative of the extent to which HIV has spread in our society, and what are the most affected groups.
Female to Male Transmission of HIV
Incidentally, the risk of female to male HIV transmission also increases when the infected woman is pregnant. Also, avoid unprotected anal sex with any woman whose HIV status is not known. Although, transmission rates for HIV are far less in female to male contact, you still carry a risk of contracting the infection with your every unprotected sexual encounter. It remains the most dreaded disease of the 21st century. Also, the risk increases with an infected woman who is also suffering from STDs like genital herpes. Viral load is more in genital fluids, blood, etc., as compared to tears, sweat, saliva and other body fluids. Considering the extent to which HIV/AIDS affects the life of people suffering from this disease, the precautions mentioned above are worth taking.
HIV kills millions of people all over the world, and infects several others. However, it is still there for heterosexual couples, who indulge in anal sex.. The risk increases with multiple, unknown partners.
Although, it is a dreaded disease, which is spreading at an alarming rate, people should not worry themselves unnecessarily. These diseases provide a free access to the virus directly to the lymph nodes. HIV transmission rate is highest for male to male transmission. If you take due care and precautions to prevent the spread of HIV, then you need not worry too much about contracting it. Also, uncircumcised males are considered to be at a higher risk of contracting HIV than their circumcised counterparts.
Ways to Control the Spread
HIV transmission is dependent upon viral load, the stage of infection, type of body fluid transmitted, presence of any other sexually transmitted disease, and so on. The fact that HIV/AIDS has no permanent cure makes it even more threatening. And, the simplest way of relieving yourself of all the stress and anxiety is having protected sexual intercourse!
According to the statistics, out of the total cases of HIV, about 75% constitute for male patients. Besides, the minimal use of condom during pregnancy also contributes to the risk of infection to healthy males from infected women. This is primarily the reason why female to male transmission is possible only in 0.05% to 0.1% as compared to male to female transmission, which is 0.08% to 0.19%. The mucus membranes in the anal region rupture while having anal sex, thereby increasing the risk of viral exposure. One can also use female condoms, however, male condoms are most effective as barriers. An educated and conscious approach is required to curb the spread of the disease. Men suffering from genital herpes can also easily contract disease from their HIV infected female partners. Anal sex has been identified as the primary cause of such high transmission rates among homosexual males. Attempts are being made to control the rapid spread of this disease